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Franz Schubert There is 1 product.

Franz Schubert
Austrian composer whose songs (Lieder) are among the masterpieces of the genre, and whose instrumental works are a bridge between classicism and romanticism of the nineteenth century. Born in Lichtenthal, near Vienna on January 31, 1797. Son of a pastor school teacher, entered the children's choir of the Imperial Chapel in 1808 and began studying at Konvikt, a school for court singers, whose orchestra played the violin.
His early songs, including Hagars Klage (1811) and Der Vatermöder (1811) impressed his teachers. When his voice changed in 1813, Schubert left the Konvikt and began teaching at the school of his father. The following year he wrote his first opera, Des Teufels Lustschloss, his first Mass (in F) and 17 songs, among which are Margarita the distaff. In 1815 he finished his second and third symphonies, composed two masses, in G and B flat major, other religious works, chamber music and 146 songs, King of the Elves between them, based on a mythological figure of death. That year he also worked on five operas. In 1816 he composed the Symphony in C Minor, known as the tragic Symphony (No. 4), the Symphony No. 5 in B flat major, more religious music, operas and some 100 new songs. Schubert stopped teaching and devoted himself exclusively to composition. Despite living the public failed to recognize his immense talent, his music was considered the work of a genius by a small group of friends, among whom were the poet Franz Grillparzer and the singer Johann Michael Vogl.
In 1820 Schubert wrote the music for the melodrama The Enchanted Harp, and The Twin Brothers (1820), a Singspiel (German opera type recited parts) which was not too successful. He also composed religious music and the Twenty-three psalms and incomplete oratorio Lazarus. A group of his songs were published in 1821. The following year he composed the Symphony No. 8 in B minor, known as the Unfinished Symphony (Unfinished Symphony) and the Mass in A flat. The song cycle was composed Beauty milling in 1823, and the octet and the Songs of Sir Walter Scott in 1824. During the two years following Schubert composed the Symphony No. 9 in C major, known as La grande (1825) and the song cycle Winter Journey (1827). In 1828 are the Mass in E flat major Quintet for Strings in C major, the last three sonatas and the last group of songs Schwanengesang, published after his death. He died in Vienna on November 19, 1828 of typhoid.
The first instrumental works, but follow the patterns of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Josef Haydn, are considered romantic by new sonorities and harmonic richness and melodic. In the early sonatas tried to get a style, to escape the influence of Ludwig van Beethoven. Although its structure, the symphonies and sonatas take the classical form, in its development, do not capture the dramatic tension that characterizes the classical sonata, but evocative harmonies and extent of the melody take on the role. His instrumental writing evolved throughout his life, but some of his best songs were composed before twenty years. In them, the text and music are perfectly balanced harmony both intellectually and emotionally. Although he wrote strophic songs, not limited to preset patterns, but also resulted in new and imaginative ways to bring music to the texts. His reputation as the father of German Lied is based on over six hundred songs he composed.