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Richard Wagner There are 4 products.

Richard Wagner
German composer and theorist, one of the most important figures of the nineteenth century. He was born on May 22, 1813 in Leipzig and studied at the University of Lille. Between 1833 and 1839 worked in opera houses in Würzburg, Magdeburg, Königsberg, and Riga. During these years he wrote his opera The Fairies (1833) and The Ban on Love (1836), and several orchestral works, including a symphony composed at age 19. Living in Königsberg in 1836 married the actress Minna Planer. In Riga finished the script and the first two acts of his first important opera, Rienzi. In 1839 Wagner moved by ship to London. During the journey through the stormy North Sea conceived his second major opera, The Flying Dutchman (1841). A week after being in London he moved to France and settled in Paris, where he made contact with the music of Hector Berlioz. He remained in Paris, often mired in abject poverty, until April 1842. On October 20, 1842 his opera Rienzi was staged at the National Theatre of Dresden, Germany. Its success led to be represented in the same city his opera The Flying Dutchman on 2 January the following year and was named director of the National Theatre. The romantic opera Tannhäuser was premiered in Dresden on October 19, 1845. This work, innovative from a technical and structural, stunned an audience accustomed to the conventional opera of the time and produced an avalanche of criticism. However, the Hungarian composer Franz Liszt, a great admirer of Wagner's music and joined him for a friendship that lasted a lifetime, chose to represent the opera Tannhäuser in Weimar, Germany, three years later. That same year, Wagner finished his romantic opera Lohengrin, but the direction of the National Theatre in Dresden, the reaction pressure from public criticism, dismissed the work. Liszt again came to his aid and the opera premiered on August 28, 1850 in Weimar.
Wagner was an enthusiastic politician. He participated in the attempted revolution of 1848 in Germany, because of which he fled to Paris and then Zurich. He extended the structure of his famous tetralogy of musical dramas known as the Ring based on Das Nibelungenlied, German epic poem of the thirteenth century. The text of this drama were written in reverse order. Thinking that certain narrative episodes of The Twilight of the Gods, the final play of the tetralogy, required further development and dramatic presentation to the public to understand the whole story, Wagner decided to write Furthermore, Siegfried, which precede. But even he was not satisfied and wrote the Valkyrie, and then the other way and explanatory prelude Rhine Gold Wagner began working on the latter in November 1853, completing it in May next year. In late December 1856 of Die Walküre was finished. Meanwhile, in 1852, Wagner had met Otto Wesendock wealthy merchant and his wife Mathilde, who made available to the Asylum and Mrs Wagner, a small house in Wesendock near Zurich, stay inspired the composer some of his best works . The relationship between Wagner and Mathilde soon became impossible love, which were forced to resign. His romance was embodied in the passionate play Tristan and Isolde (1857-1859), one of the Wagnerian music dramas longer and more difficult to represent. Its premiere took place on June 10, 1865 in Munich under the auspices of Louis II of Bavaria, who had promised to protect Wagner. From this period also date the Wesendock Lieder, works for voice and orchestra or piano (1857-1858) on five poems by Mathilde Wesendock, presenting the genesis harmonic of Tristan and Isolde.
Wagner was pardoned in 1861 in Prussia. On his return the composer settled in Biebrich, where he began working in his only comic opera Die Meistersinger of Nuremberg, which ended in 1867. The work was premiered on June 21, 1868 in Munich, where later, in 1869 and 1870, were released by King's desire Das Rheingold and Die Walküre. Immediately after the premiere of Die Meistersinger Wagner resumed work on Siegfried to completion in February 1871. At the same time he started writing the twilight of the gods. Meanwhile, on 25 August 1870, the composer, who had been separated from his first wife nine years, married Cosima von Bülow, ex-wife of Hans von Bülow and the daughter of Liszt and Countess d'Augoult. The orchestral work Siegfried Idyll (1870) was written by Cosima Wagner at the birth of their son Siegfried. In the summer of 1872, Wagner composed the last part of Der Ring des Nibelungen in November 1874 and completed the orchestration of Twilight of the gods. Between 13 and August 17, 1876 complete tetralogy was released in the Festspielhaus in Bayreuth, a theater designed and built specially to represent the works of Wagner. In 1877 Wagner began work on Parsifal, drama based on the legends of the Holy Grail. This musical drama, the last he wrote Wagner, premiered on July 26, 1882. In 1882 the composer's health weakened. Thinking that might favor a change of climate, Wagner rented the Palazzo Vendramin in Venice's Grand Canal. He died suddenly on February 13 next year. Five days later his body was interred in the mausoleum of his Bayreuth villa.