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Johann Sebastian Bach There is 1 product.

Johann Sebastian Bach
German organist and composer of the Baroque period. It was one of the largest and most productive geniuses of European music. Bach was born on March 21, 1685 in Eisenach, Thuringia, in a family for seven generations gave rise, at least 53 musicians of importance from Veit Bach to Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach. Johann Sebastian received his first music lessons from his father, Johann Ambrosius, who was a musician in the city. On the death of his father, he went to live and study with his elder brother, Johann Christoph, organist Ohrdruff then.

In 1700 Bach began to earn a living as a chorister at the Church of St. Michael in Lüneburg. In 1703 he became violinist in the chamber orchestra of Prince Johann Ernst of Weimar, but later that same year, he moved to Arnstadt, where he became church organist. In October 1705 Bach obtained a month's leave to study with Dietrich Buxtehude, organist and composer renowned Danish, but living in Germany, who by then was in Lübeck and whose music greatly influenced Bach. This visit was so pleased that he prolonged his stay a month longer than agreed, which drew criticism from church authorities, who also complained about the extravagant flourishes and harmonies that accompanied the congregation in their religious chants.

Nevertheless, his art was too respected to this criticism might lead to his dismissal. In 1707 he married Maria Barbara Bach, his second cousin, and went to Mülhausen as organist at the Church of St. Blasius. The following year he returned to Weimar as organist and violinist at the court of Duke Wilhelm Ernst. There he remained for seven years, and became concertmaster of the court orchestra in 1714. In Weimar he composed about 30 cantatas, including the well-known funeral cantata Gottes Zeit ist die Zeit allerbeste (God's time is best), and also composed works for organ and harpsichord. Germany began touring as a virtuoso of the organ and as a consultant to organ builders. In 1717 Bach began a new job, which lasted six years as choirmaster and director of chamber music at the court of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Köthen. During this period he wrote primarily secular music for instrumental ensembles and solo instruments. He also composed music books for his wife and children, with the aim of teaching them keyboard technique and art of music in general. These books include The Well-Tempered Clavier, the Inventions and the Little Organ Book. A year after his first wife died in 1720, Bach married Anna Magdalena Wilcken, singer and daughter of a court musician who gave him thirteen children, in addition to the seven he had with his former wife, and helped copying the work of scores of his works for musicians to be interpreted.

Bach moved to Leipzig in 1723 and remained there the rest of his days. His position as musical director and choir leader at St. Thomas Church and the church school in Leipzig was not satisfied for several reasons: his continuing disputes with members of the council, and neither they nor the people appreciated his musical talent. They saw him as an old man clinging to stretch obsolete forms of music. However, the 202 cantatas that have been of the 295 who composed in Leipzig still are heard, while new music which seemed to have been forgotten. Most of the cantatas begin with a section for chorus and orchestra, she is an alternation of recitatives and arias for solo voices and accompaniment, and conclude with a chorale based on a simple Lutheran hymn music is always closely linked to the text and ennobles it with their expressiveness and spiritual intensity. Among these works are the Ascension Cantata and the Christmas Oratorio, the latter consisting of six cantatas. The St. John Passion and St. Matthew are also written during the period of his stay in Leipzig, as well as its magnificent Mass in B minor. Among the keyboard works composed during this period are the famous Goldberg Variations, the second book of the Well-Tempered Clavier and the Art of Fugue, a magnificent demonstration of contrapuntal knowledge, consists of 16 leaks and four canons, all supported on the same topic . Bach began to go blind the last year of his life and died on July 28, 1750, after undergoing an unsuccessful eye operation.